Originally bred in China in 150 BC as an all purpose breed used for hunting, guarding and even human consumption, the Chow Chow is listed in the non sporting group. This 35-65 pound dog will stand 17-22 inches tall at the shoulder and live 12-15 years. The Chow is known for his lion look and his blue/black tongue which makes him unique in the dog world as one of only two breeds that have a different colored tongue as a standard for the breed, the Chinese Shar Pei is the other breed.
The temperament of a Chow is aloof, quiet, and stubborn at times. The breed is also extremely clean, almost cat-like in their cleanliness, and are said to be one of the easiest breeds to housebreak due to their fastidious behavior. The Chow is known to be territorial and great guardians of the home and property. They are also known to select a favorite human in which to devote themselves to. The Chow is loyal, alert, intelligent, and sweet if you are his family. He is also a formidable opponent if he believes there is a threat to his home or family. Due to their personality, it is important to provide proper socialization and training for your Chow to prevent unwanted behaviors from developing.
With a long, soft coat this breed is considered to be minimal to no shedding and hypo-allergenic, making him a good choice for many allergy sufferers. Grooming is important for this breed as his coat is thick and dense. Frequent brushing and grooming sessions are necessary to prevent matting and to keep the coat in good condition. Professional grooming isn't necessary as clipping is not done on this breed, the coat reaches its optimum length and stops growing when the coat is full like a lion's mane. His colors are red, black, blue, cinnamon, fawn and cream, with some shade variations.